The basin of the Yaque del Norte River is the longest in the country with 7,053 km2 that are equivalent to 14.6% of the country. It can be subdivided into an upper basin that goes from its birth down to Jarabacoa where it joins the Jimenoa with an average slope of 4.8% and a distance of 42 kilometres; a middle basin ranging from Jarabacoa to Santiago which is characterized by changes in direction with favourable sectors for the damming of the water (such is the case of Taveras which has a distance of 85 kilometres and an average gradient of 0.54%); and lower basin that goes from Santiago to the Atlantic Ocean with a distance of 169 km at an average gradient of 0.09% on an alluvial plain between the Central Mountain Range and Northern Mountain Range and receives an annual rainfall ranging from 600 to 1000 mm.
The Yaque del Norte basin is a prominently agricultural basin in which 80% of the water is consumed by the agricultural sector, while 11.6% is consumed by the urban sector (domestic, commercial, public and industrial).
USE AND COVERAGE
The most important coverage in the basin of the Yaque del Norte river is the forest, which covers about 52% of its surface, where the dry forest accounts for 15.90%, the coniferous forest and the cloud forest 27% and 4.27% only the cloud forest. These are followed by importance the agricultural areas, representing 20% of the basin, and those are followed by areas of scrub and grassland with 17%. About 7% consists of other uses such as permanent crops, mangroves, and populated areas, among others.
OUTCOMES / BENEFICIARIES
It is expected that more than 1.7 million people will benefit from the investment in watershed conservation that will be implemented by the Yaque del Norte Water Fund. Similarly, there are companies using the bulk water systems in their production or processing of products that will greatly benefit from improved water quality and sustainable supply. As for reducing sedimentation there will be a great contribution to the operation of hydroelectric dams and storage reservoirs so the power generating companies will be among the big winners.
- Ecosystem restoration with native and endemic plant species that can recover the water production functions of forests.
- Re-vegetation of riverbanks and streams to reduce sediment reaching the aquatic system and benefit the restoration of energy flow and food chain.
- Improvement of coffee production areas promoting the planting of coffee trees under conditions of shade in coffee and cacao plantations.
- Reduction of the impact caused by livestock by introducing sustainable management techniques
- Training and environmental education programmes.
- Facilitation of the process of participatory governance in the management of the basin.
ORGANIZATION WATER FUND