The partnership is a mechanism that allows to provide technical and financial assistance for the creation and strengthening of Water Funds. It provides support to local stakeholders to implement them, contributing to establish the management structure for each fund.
It also provides advice and technical expertise that can strengthen the operation of the funds, and also facilitate the exchange of experiences and best practices among Water Funds and other stakeholders.
Water Funds is an innovative model of long-term conservation that operates through investments that are focused on a single fund. The resources generated are assigned to preserve the essential lands above watersheds through conservation actions.
Brazil has 12% of the fresh water on the planet. This resource is distributed unevenly throughout the national territory, whose length ranges from 5° north latitude to 34° south latitude, and includes a variety of climates and weather influences from the equatorial region to the cold fronts that originate in the Antarctic.
Just as it happens in other countries and regions of the world, the uses given to water in Brazil are diverse and the intensity of their use, specifically in this country, are related to the economic, social and agricultural development along 12 water basins. Among the consumptive uses are the urban and rural public supplies, the industry and irrigation. As for non-consumptive uses they have hydropower, fisheries, navigation, agriculture, tourism and recreation.
The main problems of water pollution and water damage that come as a result of various economic activities, as well as the multiple uses of water in the country, are the increased toxicity of surface and groundwater, the eutrophication of rivers and reservoirs that produce excessive growth of cyanobacteria and organic pollution of water sources, especially near large cities and metropolitan regions.
• Water Funds PCJ y Alto Tete, São Paulo – Brazil, 2005
• Productores de Água da Floresta, Guandu – Brasil, 2008
• Fondo de Agua de Pipiripau, Brasilia – Brasil, 2012
• Espíritu Santo PES State Program, Espiritu Santo – Brazil, 2008
• Pago por Servicios Ambientales Camboriu, Camboriu – Brasil, 2013